Disparities in outcomes and access for health conditions (such as cardiovascular illnesses, neurological disorders, and musculoskeletal diseases) are common to New Zealand, Canada, and other countries that have large, sparsely populated geographies alongside metropolitan areas, increasing socioeconomic inequality, and a disastrous history of colonisation of indigenous peoples. Identifying geographic accessibility to care is a key contributor to illuminating inequities in health. The geospatial 3-step floating catchment area (3SFCA) method is well suited to examining accessibility across both rural and metropolitan areas like those found in countries such as New Zealand and Canada. This method can integrate demographic variables to gain a more granular view of where mismatches lie between health care supply and health demand.
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